This OE Watch contains 32 foreign article reviews spanning over 30 different regions and countries covering Operational Environment topics from the foreign perspective for the US Army leader, development, training and education community, as well as others in governmental, analytic, and academic communities.

This issue can be downloaded at FMSO’s website:

This particular issue can be downloaded directly at

Its Table of Contents is here:

3 Descriptions of Russian Military Modernization in 2021
5 Role of the Russian Aerospace Forces 15th Special Purpose Army
8 The Russian Armed Forces’ Patriot Park for all Believers
9 Powerful Russian UAV Images
10 Russia’s Hypersonic missiles in the Arctic
12 Russian Pacific Fleet rearming Naval Infantry with BMP-3F
14 Armenian Assessments of the 2020 Nagorno Karabakh War
16 US-China Competition in the New OE: A Turkish Perspective
17 Turkey’s Caucasus Policy Increases Tension with Iran
19 Iran-Azerbaijan to Cooperate on Hydroelectric Power

20 Possible Developments in Chinese Military Systems Over 2021
21 People’s Republic of China revises the National Defense Law
22 Indonesian Navy Concerned about Chinese Seagliders
23 A Chinese Perspective on Future Urban Unmanned Operations
25 Draft Evasion in the People’s Republic of China
26 Taiwan Military Exercises in Perspective
28 Will India Face Sanctions over S-400s?
29 India Adding Artillery Brigade to Mountain Strike Corps
30 Indonesia Arrests Longtime Wanted Terrorist Zulkarnaen

31 Iran and Turkey to Collaborate in Technology Sharing
32 Iran’s Ballistic Missile Redline
33 Counterterrorism, Trade, and the Western Sahara: Algeria to Deepen Security Cooperation with Mauritania
35 Reasons Behind the Resurgence of ISIS in Syria
37 Anatomy of Yemen’s Armed Groups
38 PKK Casts Shadow on Turkey-Iraq Relations

40 Rwanda Sends Troops to Fight Rebels in the Central African Republic
41 Al-Shabaab Benefits from AMISOM’s Growing Internal Problems
42 Boko Haram’s Anonymous Spokesman Speaks on Massacres
43 Nigerian Military’s Misuse of Funds Hurts Its Counterterrorism Effectiveness

44 Brazil Vacillates on Key 5G Decision
45 Mexico Poised to Legalize Marijuana and Become the Largest Cannabis Market in the World
46 Daniel Ortega consolidates his dictatorship in Nicaragua

For more information on this product, please contact: Mr. Paul (Kent) Baumann (, Foreign Military Studies Office, Fort Leavenworth, KS

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