This month’s OE Watch contains 21 foreign article reviews spanning over 30 regions and countries and covering the Operational Environment. Its analyses introduce security topics articulated from foreign perspectives, and as a product, it is intended for U.S. Army leader development, training, and education communities, as well as others in government, analytic, and academic communities.

This issue can be downloaded at FMSO’s website:

Its Table of Contents is here:

3 China Developing Improved Equipment for Deep Sea, Polar Exploration
6 China Developing Ultra-Low Earth Orbit Satellites With Possible Military Applications
8 Chinese Military Researchers Debut “Precision Strike” Concept for Cognitive Domain Operations
10 Micronesian President Warns Against Chinese External Influence Operations

12 Russia Widens and Tightens Conscription Policies
14 Russia Cutting Back on Nuclear Icebreaker Production
16 Russia Effectively Leaves Arctic Council
18 Russian Companies Using Central Asian Migrant Workers in Occupied Ukraine

21 Iran Unveils Updated Yasin Training Jet With Possible Close Combat Applications
23 Iran’s Increased Defense Budget Leading to More Arms Exports
25 Iran Capitalizing on Post-Earthquake Conditions To Deepen Influence in Syria

Terrorism and Transnational Crime
27 Colombia’s “Total Peace” Negotiations Face New Hurdles
29 CAR Joins Mali in Accusing France of Funding Terrorists
31 Al-Qaeda Leader in Maghreb Celebrates French Departure, Claims No Plans To Attack French Homeland
33 Mozambique Regains Control of Islamic State-Afflicted Northern Province With Rwandan Help

Global Operational Environment
34 Georgians Consider Outcomes of War in Ukraine
38 Georgian Separatist Republic Conducts Military Exercises
40 Western Efforts To Isolate Russia and Iran Falter in Latin America
42 Russia-Supported Military Rulers in Mali, Burkina Faso, and Guinea Continue To Deepen Ties
44 New Milestone in China’s Support for Egypt’s Space Program
46 Philippine Interest in Trilateral Security Pact With United States and Japan Possibly Increasing

For more information on this product, please contact:
Mr. Paul (Kent) Baumann (; Foreign Military Studies Office, Fort Leavenworth, KS

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