The 3 colors of TRADOC.

The TRADOC G-2 M&S Division empowers the Army Modeling and Simulation Office (AMSO) and its six M&S-enabled communities (Analysis, Acquisition, Intelligence, Training, Test and Evaluation, and Experimentation). We meticulously define requirements for the OE and OPFOR threat capabilities through a comprehensive consideration of political, military, economic, social, information, infrastructure, physical environment, and time (PMESII-PT) variables, ensuring robust support for military operations.


The 3 colors of TRADOC.
Center For Army Analysis logo.

Center for army

Logo for an unknown army unit.

Army Acquisition
Support Center

United States Intelligence Community logo.

u.s. intelligence community

Army Futures Command logo.

Army Futures

Army Test and Evaluation Command logo.

Army test &
evaluation command

National Simulation Center logo.

simulation center

One Semi Automated Forces Co-Development

TRADOC G-2 M&S is also a member of the One Semi Automated Forces Co-Development community responsible for defining requirements for threat force structure, capabilities and tactics, techniques and procedures representation during exercises and experiments at BDE and below echelons.

M&S Capabilities

The 3 colors of TRADOC.

Information on how Models and Simulations support the Army's six M&S-enabled communities.

Two shadowy figures look at a projector screen with a map.
joint land component constructive training capability (JLCCTC)
  • Constructive Simulation ​
  • Represents all WfFs​
  • Mission Command Stimulation​
  • WARSIM Intelligence model​
  • Threat Forces representation​
  • Irregular Warfare ​
  • Unmanned Aerial Vehicle ​
  • Logistics training​
  • Non-kinetic effects​
  • After Action Review ​
one semi automated forces
(oneSAF) simulation
  • Constructive Simulation for BDE and below exercises ​
  • Semi-Automated Forces​
  • Mission Command Stimulation​
  • Intelligence modeling​
  • Threat Forces ​
  • Irregular Warfare / Hybrid Threat​
  • Unmanned Aerial and Ground Vehicle ​
  • Civilian Information Infrastructure​
  • Manned and Unmanned tactics​
  • Web Control Tools​
modeling & simulation image
synthetic training environment M&S
Synthetic Training Environment (STE)
  • Next Generation Constructive Simulation ​
  • Training Management Tool
  • Training Simulation Service
  • One World Terrain
  • Stimulates Mission Command Systems
  • Replicates Threat Forces
  • Provides AAR / Playback capability
  • Represents all WfFs / MDO
Division Exercise Training and Review System (DXTRS)
  • Provides staff training, MDMP, and Wargaming capabilities
  • Low overhead deterministic simulation
  • Provides an independent stimulation capability that enables integration with fielded Mission Command Systems
  • Threat Representation
Gaming and visualizations map.


The 3 colors of TRADOC.

TRADOC G-2 M&S Division developed the Athena simulation, a decision support tool, enabling commanders and their staff modeling of human behavior dynamics across the totality of the Operational Environment. Athena is the Army's only deterministic, sociocultural modeling capability suitable to support training, experimentation, analysis, and mission command tasks.

ATHENA Computes
Changes In:

  • Population moods, attitudes, satisfaction​
  • Neighborhood volatility and security​
  • Relationships between actors​
  • Quantifies power and control (political, economic, cultural, informational)​


  • Improves situational understanding
  • Understanding of PMESII-PT impacts on regional stability dynamics.​
  • Standalone system to model *DIME-FIL within PMESII-PT ​
  • Means to evaluate intended & unintended consequences ​
  • Method to discern potential outcomes 1-3 years in the future​


  • Government Rights Software
  • Laptop based
  • Efficient - Extremely fast run times
  • Scalable - Supports assessments at City, Megacity, Country and Regional Levels
  • Minimal Footprint - Can be operated by a single user or small analysis team
  • Deterministic - Enables CoA analysis
  • Rules Based Model - Enables casualty assessments