TRADOC G2 Opposing Force (OPFOR) Threat Tactics Course

Portray a doctrinal, uncooperative adversary to provide better challenges in training

Leverage the functional framework as a lens to understand real-world adversaries and events

The Opposing Force (OPFOR) Threats Tactics Course (TTC) provides foundational instruction on OPFOR concepts and capabilities using functional tactic – a framework for tactical best-practices.

The course leverages computer-based resources, subject matter experts, real-world case studies, and hands-on practical exercises to train and educate students on tactical best practices that provide a realistic, challenging adversary as required* for U.S. Army training events.

This course is presented by the proponents of the OPFOR doctrinal products and Operational Environment (OE), the TRADOC G-2 Operational Environment and Threats Integration Directorate (OETA).

The focus is helping your personnel understand and apply a hybrid OPFOR threat, based on best practices representing a mix of conventional forces and irregular actors with a range of capabilities – analogous to actual worldwide adversaries.

*Enables OPFOR to meet regulatory requirements as outlined in AR 350-2, TR 10-5-1, TR 350-70.

  • OPFOR Mindset, “Non-Blue” Thinking
  • Doctrinal Foundations, Products, Tools
  • Strategic Environment Impacts
  • Functional Tactics & Analysis
“I wish I had this before our last training rotation.”
-CPT A., 25th INF DIV
“I feel so much more confident about my ECOAs!”
-SGT H., Ft. Bragg
“I have a much better understanding of what
I’ve been doing for years.”
-LTC R., Ft. Benning

Delivered in Two Phases

Online Computer-Based Training

  • Fundamentals, OPFOR mindset, Selected Tactics
  • Approx. 8 hours
  • Always available, Open to ALL!


SME-Led Instruction

  • 4-Day, Foundry-funded MTT
  • OPFOR preferences and discussions
  • Group drills, exercises
  • Subject-matter expert coaching

Scheduling Priority

  1. CTC personnel in preparation for TRADOC accreditation visits
  2. U.S. Army Centers of Excellence
  3. Rotation Training Unit (RTU) in preparation window for CTC/other major training event
  4. Unit/element professional development request

DOWNLOAD Request for Service


Find out more/Request MTT: Mr. Kristin Lechowicz (DAC), Course Manager (

Foundry Information: School: 144, Course: AS327


  • OPFOR personnel:  Accurate portrayal of doctrinal behaviors.
  • Exercise/Scenario Developers. More variety, challenge, and options for RTU Commanders.
  • G2/S2s Analysts: Better ECOA development & improved IPB.
  • Intel Community.  Understanding of training linkage with real-world analysis.
  • Multi-service & International Partners: Understanding and mentoring for coordination, implementation.

The TTC is not:

  • Intelligence threat training
    …but discussions include conceptual linkage w/real world threats & events
  • IPB training
    …but enhances & nests within existing IPB processes
  • Passive, “receive only” training
    …students are hands-on with SME coaching to really absorb the concepts

OPFOR:  Being bad to make the great better