This OE Watch contains 23 foreign article reviews spanning over 30 different regions and countries covering Operational Environment security topics from the foreign perspective for the US Army leader, development, training, and education community, as well as others in governmental, analytic, and academic communities.

This issue can be downloaded at FMSO’s website: https://community.apan.org/wg/tradoc-g2/fmso/

Its Table of Contents is here:

CHINA

3 China Likely To Boost Nuclear Triad
5 New Chinese Small Arms at Weapons Expo
7 China Addresses Food Security at Home, Uses “Food Diplomacy” Abroad
10 Beijing’s Vision for Global Cyberspace Governance

RUSSIA

12 Russia Conducts Nuclear-Delivery Tests in the Arctic
13 Russia May Extend Conscription Period to Two Years
15 Russia To Reintroduce Military Training Into High Schools
17 Russian Military Experiencing Pay Problems
19 Russia Further Bolstering Iran Relations Following Ukraine Invasion
21 Rationales for Russia’s Return to the Black Sea Grain Deal
23 Russian-Led Military Alliance in Central Asia Weakening Amid Quagmire in Ukraine

IRAN

25 Iran Asks Tajikistan Not To Use Iranian Drones in Dispute With Kyrgyzstan
27 Iran Claim of Hypersonic Missile Capability Probably Exaggerated

TERRORISM AND TRANSNATIONAL CRIME

28 Colombia’s Congress Authorizes “Total Peace” Negotiation With Guerrilla and Criminal Groups
30 South Africa Spotlighted for Links to Funding Islamic State in Africa
32 Marawi Reflections Reveal Urban Warfare Challenges for Philippine Army

GLOBAL OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

34 India Moves To Compete With China in Africa
37 China Deepening Cooperation in Latin America’s Sizeable Lithium Sector
39 Israeli Embassy in South Korea Opens in the Metaverse
41 Kazakhstan’s Military Doctrine Raises Questions for Russia
44 Russia Laying Groundwork Ahead of July 2023 Russia-Africa Summit
47 Russia’s Ukraine Narratives Find Appeal in Arab Countries
49 Little Evidence That Algeria Is Shifting From Russian to Chinese Arms Imports Amid Ukraine Conflict

For more information on this product, please contact:
Mr. Paul (Kent) Baumann (paul.k.baumann2.civ@army.mil); Foreign Military Studies Office, Fort Leavenworth, KS

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