This OE Watch contains 29 foreign article reviews spanning many different regions and countries covering Operational Environment topics from the foreign perspective for the US Army leader, development, training and education community, as well as others in governmental, analytic, and academic communities.

This issue can be downloaded at FMSO’s website:

Its Table of Contents is here:


3 Chinese Delegates Discuss Requirements for the PLA to Lead the Next Military Revolution
4 China’s Cyber Range Industry
5 Vietnam Cautious in Response to Chinese Missiles Bases Near Border
6 China’s Growing Interest in Turkey and the Middle East
8 Limits to China’s Strategic Influence in the UAE and Saudi Arabia
10 China Grows Its Political and Military Influence in Argentina


11 Russia to Field First Experimental Unit of Combat Robots
13 Purpose Posited for Russia’s Poseidon Torpedo and Other “Superweapons”
14 Russian National Guard Roles Still Evolving as of Fifth Anniversary
15 Russian Defense Official Articulates Kremlin’s “Mental War” Ideology
16 Three Russian Submarines Surface Simultaneously Near North Pole
18 More Chechen Spetsnaz Training in the Arctic
19 Turkey’s Role in Russia-Ukraine Tensions
21 The Status of Russian-Uzbek Security Cooperation


23 Iran Becoming a Titanium Producer
24 Iran: The Revolutionary Guards’ Role in Elections
25 Iran: Supreme Leader Speaks on What Makes a Good President


26 France Teaming with Russia to Deport Purported Chechen Extremists
28 Western Mali Could Be Sahel’s Next Terrorism Hotspot
29 ISIS Resurgence a Matter of Time in Al-Hawl
31 Al-Qaeda Possibly Misleading Members about Aymen al-Zawahiri’s Status
32 Mozambique Militant Leaders Reveal Tactical Prowess in Palma
33 Venezuela’s Armed Forces Clash with Colombian Criminal Organizations for Control of Drug Trafficking


34 A Perspective on Egypt-Greece Relations
36 Bolsonaro Shuffles Cabinet and Fires Heads of Brazil’s Armed Forces
37 Though Protesters Push for Change, Central African Presidents Won’t Leave
38 Armenia Developing Additional Security Cooperation Partners
40 Regional Support for Egypt Wavering in Nile Dam Dispute with Ethiopia
42 Turkey Views Treaty as Important to Limiting U.S. Naval Activity in Black Sea

For more information on this product, please contact: 

Mr. Paul (Kent) Baumann (; Foreign Military Studies Office, Fort Leavenworth, KS

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